Byzantium

 

 

Arms and Emblems of Byzantium

THE CROSS AND THE TWO-HEADED EAGLE

From the beginning of the 13th century until the fall of the Empire the shields and banners of the Byzantine Emperors showed a cross. At the same time their badges of rank were eagles or two-headed eagles. 

 

The Ravenna Mosaics

PORTRAIT OF A FAMILY

The general opnion is that the the main figures on the Ravenna Mosaics are Justinian I, the Great and his empress Theodora. A closer analysis leads to the conclusion that emperor Tiberius II Constantine, his empress Anastasia and officials of his court are portrayed.

 

Emperor Mauricius & Constantina

FROM TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINE TO THE END OF THE DYNASTY OF JUSTIN.

When the idea that the figures represented in medieval churches should be Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary or saints  is abandoned, it appears that they represent a gallery of historical persons and officials.

 

Empress Irene and her son Constantine VI

ON THE ORIGINS OF THE IMAGE OF THE MADONNA AND CHILD.

When some representations of the Virgin Mary from the 8th century are placed besides each other it appears that always the same type of woman is chosen. It is very likely that with this woman Empress Irene is meant who is represented as a mother and dressed in imperial official dress. 

 

Emperor Constantine VI

PORTRAITS OF THE YOUNG EMPEROR IN THE LORSCH BIBLE

Wanneer de mening wordt verlaten dat de portretten in het Lorsch Evangeliarum inderdaad evangelisten voorstellen, wordt de mogelijkheid geopend om te bepalen wie er zou kunnen zijn afgebeeld. Dit is zonder twijfel de Byzantijnse Keizer Constantijn VI in zijn jeugdjaren.